Tuesday, August 19, 2008
Thursday, August 7, 2008
History Of Kayak
The kayak was first created by the Inuit, an artic people. Their first kayaks were made from wooden frames covered in sealskin. They included a small hole in the middle craft for the user to sit in and were primarily used for hunting. These early kayaks varied greatly in design from region to region. Two common ones are show at left. The top image is of a kayak from the
The materials that have been used to make a kayak have changed significantly with the years. Many early kayaks used wooden frames covered in skin for their materials. However, with the ship's adoption by European settlers, they were covered in fabric. This method continued until the 1950's when fiberglass was introduced, and then in 1984, the first plastic kayak was made. At present, kayaks are sturdy, light, and very versatile.
The modern interest in canoeing and kayaking as a recreation and sport was brought about by John MacGregor, who designed the Rob Roy in 1845, a canoe he based off sketchings of Inuit canoes and kayaks. MacGregor later formed the Canoe Club in 1866 with other canoe and kayak enthusiasts, and they brought about competitive canoeing with their first regatta in 1873. Kayaking became a part of the Olympics in 1936, with the introduction of four events, the single and pairs 1,000 meter and 10,000 meter race. Later, the white-water race and slalom events were added to the Olympics also.
Difference between a Canoe and a Kayak
There are three main distinctions that separate a canoe from a kayak:
- A kayak is a decked boat, while a canoe is not.
- When using the boat, a kayaker will sit flat with his legs extened under the deck and his upper body rising from a central hole in the deck. On the other hand, a canoer will kneel in the boat.
- A third difference lies in the paddle, a canoe utilizes a shorter paddle with a blade on one end only, sort of a shortened version of the oar of a row boat The kayak, though, uses a longer paddle with blades at both ends of the rod.
(I suggest to all my student please open the website because it will show you the animation about kayak )